NUTRITION IN GOUT
What is GOUT?
It is a condition in which there’s painful swelling in your joints, it is caused due to accumulation of uric acid crystals in your joints
Here are a few symptoms that can help you recognise the condition:
- Joint Pain: A very common symptom of gout is experiencing pain in the joints. The most commonly affected joints are knees, ankles, elbows and wrists.
- Lingering Discomfort: There is tenderness around the affected area usually after the pain subsides.
- Inflammation and redness: The area affected becomes swollen red and warm.
- Limited motion: As the condition progresses, one can experience trouble in moving the affected joint.
What causes GOUT?
There are a few lifestyle choices that can lead to GOUT apart from a few other things, like:
- Diet: A diet rich in red meat and shellfish increases your uric levels, therefore increasing the risk of GOUT. Alcoholic beverages and beverages sweetened with fruit sugar (fructose) also lead to GOUT. Foods rich in purines like mushrooms, cabbage if consumed in abundance can also cause GOUT.
- Weight: If you are overweight, chances are your body produces more uric acid and your kidneys have a hard time eliminating it.
- Medical conditions. Certain diseases and conditions increase your risk of gout. These include untreated high blood pressure and chronic conditions such as diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and heart and kidney diseases.
- Age and sex. Gout occurs more often in men, primarily because women tend to have lower uric acid levels. After menopause, however, women’s uric acid levels approach those of men. Men are also more likely to develop gout earlier, usually between the ages of 30 and 50, whereas women generally develop signs and symptoms after menopause.
What to expect from your diet?
A gout diet is designed to help you:
- Achieve a healthy weight and good eating habits,
- Avoid some, but not all, foods with purines,
- Include some foods that can control uric acid levels.
What can be included in your diet?
Diet plays an important role in curing this condition. Your diet should mainly consist of these things:
- Fruits: All fruits are generally fine for gout. Cherries may even help
prevent attacks by lowering uric acid levels and reducing inflammation
- Vegetables: All vegetables are fine, including potatoes, peas,eggplants and dark green leafy vegetables.
- Legumes: Lentils, beans, soybeans, rajma and tofu.
- Nuts: All nuts and seeds.
- Whole grains: These include oats, ragi, bajra, brown rice and barley.
- Dairy products: All dairy is safe, but low-fat dairy appears to be especially beneficial.
- Eggs ( in moderation)
- Beverages (in moderation): coffee, tea and green tea
- Herbs and spices: All herbs and spices.
- Plant-based oils: Including canola, flax seed, coconut and olive oil.
What should be avoided in your diet?
There are a few food items that can aggravate the condition. They are:
- Red meat and organ meat, such as liver or kidneys, which are high in saturated fat.
- Seafood, such as lobster, shrimp, sardines, anchovies, tuna, trout, mackerel, and haddock.
- Sugary drinks and foods that are high in fructose.
- Processed foods, canned food and refined carbohydrates.
- Alcohol, especially beer and hard liquor.